FUT Strip Hair Transplant
Lately, it is recorded a rapid withdrawn of the FUT –Strip hair transplant technique as the minimally invasive FUE hair transplant method expands and prevails. This is happening because the results of the FUE hair transplant technique are very impressive. Moreover, FUE technique does not lead to the unpleasant consequences of FUT.
Thanks to the advancement in FUE technique it is possible the extraction of a large number of hair follicles - a fact that during the previous years was solely capable with FUT hair transplant method. This fact was actually the main advantage of FUT - Strip technique.
Post-operative FUT – Strip Side Effects
The main disadvantage of FUT technique is the creation of permanent and dysmorphic linear scars in the donor area. Moreover, it is quite common the existence of a chronic hyperesthesia and/or painful neuromas located in the area where the scars are situated. At least 5 – 10% of those patients who have undergone an FUT-Strip hair transplant, have post-operatively reported chronic pains in the scar’s area. Additionally, in a 20 – 25% of the patients who have undergone an FUT-Strip hair transplant, is reported hyperesthesia in the scar’s area.
Moreover, when multiple FUT-Strip hair transplants take place, the probability of complications’ existence is significantly increased. An additional drawback of FUT technique is that due to the strip’s processing, the hair follicles are injured, thus the survival of the implanted follicles is limited. The creation of receptions intensifies the bleeding, the swelling and the pain post-operatively. Furthermore, the implantation of large-sized grafts leads to an unpleasant aesthetic result, the phenomenon known as doll-like effect.
FUT - Strip patients declare that they suffer as of:
Nowadays it is quite common patients who have undergone FUT-Strip hair transplant address specialised plastic surgeons so as to restore or eliminate the scars. It is essential to underline the fact that in Advanced Hair Clinics, a 35 - 40% of the patients that undergo an FUE hair transplant have experienced FUT hair transplant in the past.
Those patients trust Advanced Hair Clinics so as to increase hair density or in order to create a natural-looking hairline. Furthermore a 15 - 20% of the FUT hair transplant cases ask for restoration of the dysmorphic and apparent scars. Consequently, the application of FUT - Strip method has reduced internationally.
FUE candidates in Advanced Hair Clinics
Hair Transplant FUT Strip - FAQs
What are the stages that are being followed during a FUT - Strip transplant session?
The main stages regarding FUT- Strip hair transplant procedure are the following ones:
- Design of the strip that is situated in the donor area and that it will be used as a transplant. The strip width ranges usually from 1 to 2 cm, so that any difficulty in the closure of the surgical wound is eliminated. Furthermore, in this way the possibility of creating a dysmorhic wound is avoided. The strip is usually taken from the scalp’s occipital area and it is extended from the one outer ear (pinna) to the other.
- Application of local anesthesia along the strip. A lidocaine and adrenaline combination is used.
- Strip’s detachment. It is performed by an incision that extends from both sides up to the subcutaneous fat. Then the strip is detached from the subcutaneous fat by using scalpel or scissors. At this stage, great attention is needed to avoid the creation of a deep skin incision and a possible destruction of the area’s sensory nerves as there lies the danger of postoperative hyperesthesia in the area above the strip or even the creation of a painful neuroma. Furthermore, it is required a meticulous hemostasis after the strip’s removal as the area is full of vessels. If a meticulous hemostasis does not take place, there lies the risk of a postoperative haematoma or even worse the decomposition of the wound.
- Wound’s suturing. It is usually carried out in layers. Subcutaneous absorbable stitches are being used in the deep layers of the skin. Nylon stitches or endodermic consecutive stitches are being used for the upper skin layers’ suturing. Recently, it is being applied the most advanced suturing technique, trichophytic closure, as it enables the approximation of the epidermal edges allowing hair growth in the scar for an optimal and cosmetically acceptable result.
- Grafts’ processing. After the strip has been detached, it is handed to the surgeon’s team of assistants. The strip is gradually cut into pieces so as grafts of appropriate diameter occur. A major disadvantage of FUT – Strip method is that the majority of hair transplant professionals produce grafts consisting of 5-10 hairs (minigrafts), thus big enough for implantation purposes. As a consequence, extremely unnatural results are being produced, especially when those big grafts are implanted in areas such as the head’s forefront and hairline. On the contrary, very few cases are those during which grafts containing 1-4 hairs (micrografts) that resemble the natural hair follicles can be isolated.
- Hair follicles implantation. The majority of doctors and clinics that apply FUT – Strip technique, perform graft’s implantation by applying the old technique: Receptions are being created with the use of scalpel or needle. Afterwards the grafts are being implanted in the receptions by using forceps. The disadvantage of this technique is that is a bloody procedure and it leads to serious postoperative swelling and scarring of the donor area.
What kind of results can I expect after the completion of a FUT - Strip Hair Transplant?
The surgical team’s experience and skill set play a decisive role in the success rate of a FUT - Strip hair transplant. Those results can be excellent in terms of density. On the contrary, especially in the area of hairline, FUT - Strip method does not provide a natural-looking result as FUE method does. This happens mostly because FUT - Strip method leads to large-sized grafts that do not resemble with the natural, thin, one-haired follicles that originally exist in hairline.
Androgenic alopecia, being an evolving phenomenon, might necessitate a second, future hair transplant operation. In the case that a FUT - Strip hair transplant has been performed in the past, the application of a future operation might be a challenging action, because it should be created a second - parallel to the first - incision (double-cut incision) or an expansion of the existing incision, eventually worsening the already existing aesthetic issue.