The medical history will provide valuable data such as the start time of hair loss, the rate of development, the type and extent of hair loss, possible coexistence of pathological conditions associated with hair loss (e.g. hypothyroidism, autoimmune diseases, anemia, etc.) Moreover, the hereditary history that may exist is crucial.
Especially in the case of androgenetic alopecia, the existence of a positive inheritance history on the part of the father, the mother or both of them is considered to lead to a diagnosis and to a large extent determines its future development. In dubious cases, especially in women, in very young people or in special cases of alopecia (eg cicatricial alopecia), the diagnosis and the selection of the appropriate treatment can be aided by performing specific examinations such as the classical trichochogram, the phototrichogram and the blood tests.
Additionally, today we can determine the genetic profile of a patient that suffers from hair loss. This is possible through the study of dozens of genes related to the hair loss process via a specific genetic examination of the patient’s DNA. Hair treatment can be divided into two major categories: conservative and surgical treatment.
Supportive to the conservative treatments are a number of products, mainly shampoos, lotions or ampoules with nutrients, nutritional supplements with vitamins, trace elements, amino acids, etc. Generally, the efficacy of these elements in the treatment of hair loss is controversial, but it is thought that a proper and balanced diet, rich in fibers and vitamins mainly from group B, trace elements like zinc and natural products such as aloe, contribute to hair’s proper nutrition and health.
Also, in people with sensitive, thin and weak hair with a hereditary hair loss history, it is generally recommended to use mild, pH-neutral shampoos suitable for daily use.